It's very important for homeowners to consider how to address drainage problems when their home's property is getting too much moisture, as this excess moisture can cause water damage to a home's foundation. It can also settle under concrete driveways and walkways, causing them to shift and crack. There are some simple solutions you might consider when your home's property is always flooded or just overly moist, so note a few of these here.
1. Pipe drain
One simple way to divert water to a safe area on your property is to use a pipe drain. This is a perforated pipe that you bury under the surface of the soil. The perforations will allow for moisture to drip and collect in the pipe, where it is then directed to a safe draining area. You can use different lengths of PVC pipe and simply drill perforations in the top yourself, and then snake them around your yard as needed to direct moisture to a runoff area. You might cover the area under which the pipe is buried with decorative rocks so that the soil stays compact and the moisture is encouraged to drip into the pipe; this is often called a French drain.
2. Dry creek
For very severe drainage issues, you might create a dry creek in your yard. This is a shallow trough that you install over a trench you've dug, and then cover with decorative stones. The difference in the dry creek and French drain system is that the trough is not buried under the soil; you simply dig a trench to direct moisture to a safe drain area, and then put the trough over it and use the river rocks or other materials to camouflage it. Excessive amounts of moisture that tend to pool on the top of your property's soil can then be directed along this trough, and the river rocks will control the flow of water while hiding the trough underneath.
3. Dry well
A dry well is like a barrel or other storage tank that has holes on all its sides, and then a pipe sticking up the top of the piece. The barrel is buried in your yard and water is directed toward it, with the use of downspouts, pipes, or trenches. The barrel collects the water which then seeps out the holes on the sides. This allows moisture to be drained to a particular part of the property. You might bury a dry well in the middle of a garden or other place where you do want extra moisture, or it would be placed in an area of the property where the extra moisture won't cause damage to the home.
For more information, contact companies like Precision Drainage.